Practice Test: Childhood


1. Chico spends a lot of time throwing his cereal bowl on the floor, having mother pick it up, and throwing it down again. Mom gets frustrated, but Chico is having a great time learning about gravity. Chico is in which stage of sensorimotor development?
A) The first stage.
B) The second stage.
C) The fifth stage.
D) The sixth stage.

2. Of the following, the best example of a fine motor skill is:
A) scribbling with a pencil.
B) roller skating around the block.
C) swimming across a pool.
D) playing football.

3. The sense that is least developed at birth is:
A) hearing.
B) vision.
C) taste.
D) smell.

4. Which of the following would be considered a gross motor skill?
A) painting a picture.
B) dialing a telephone.
C) swimming across a pool.
D) picking up an insect.

5. Which of the following would be an example of holophrasic speech?
A) “Give me cracker.”
B) “All gone.”
C) “Bee Bee” for bottle.
D) “Me do it!”

6. Kwashiorkor might be experienced under the following circumstances.
A) A toddler drinks too much milk.
B) A toddler has a diet that contains starch but too little protein.
C) An infant does not take in enough food and begins to starve.
D) An infant is given formula that is diluted with water.

7. Children who are in Piaget’s stage of concrete operational thought are also in Erikson’s stage of:
A) initiative vs. guilt
B) trust vs. mistrust
C) generativity vs. stagnation
D) industry vs. inferiority

8. This type of parenting style has is thought to lead to a lack of self-discipline.
A) autocratic.
B) authoritative.
C) authoritarian.
D) permissive.

9. Betsy is 13 months old when she begins to say “maaa maa” and when she does, she gets a big hug from her mother. This illustrates which theory of language development?
A) social pragmatics.
B) behavioral theory of language.
C) the nativistic theory of language.
D) the hybrid theory of language development.

10. The primary nutritional concern in the United States for children in middle childhood is:
A) A lack of carbohydrates in the diet.
B) Being overweight or obesity.
C) Too much protein in the diet.
D) High amounts of calcium in the diet.

11. The LEAST common style of attachment is:
A) secure.
B) insecure-avoidant.
C) insecure-resistant.
D) disorganized.

12. A second grade student is asked if 8 ounces of water becomes “more” when poured in a tall skinny container than when in a short, wide container. This is a test of:
A) reversibility.
B) classification.
C) conservation.
D) identity.

13. Jack is upset because he got into trouble for calling another boy a bad name. As a result, he had to sit alone during story time in school. Jack is exhibiting which type of moral development?
A) preoperational.
B) preconventional.
C) conventional.
D) formal operational.

14. Alex is very helpful, listens well, and seems to know how to communicate and negotiate with others. Gardner would suggest that Alex has which type of intelligence?
A) logical-mathematical.
B) intrapersonal.
C) existential.
D) interpersonal.

15. Aptitude tests tend to measure ALL BUT WHICH ONE of the following intelligences?
A) spatial.
B) bodily-kinesthetic.
C) logical-mathematical.
D) linguistic.

16. Adebe cannot understand that a picture of her mother as a child is still her mother. Adebe lacks which cognitive ability?
A) conservation.
B) identity.
C) reversibility.
D) reciprocity.

17. Comparing self to one’s peers is especially important during which stage of childhood?
A) infancy.
B) toddlerhood.
C) early childhood.
D) middle childhood.

18. Experiential or creative intelligence involves being able to:
A) use the information that has been learned.
B) know the appropriate behavior for a situation.
C) recite facts and definitions.
D) get along well with others.

19. Overall physical growth rate is slowest during which stage of childhood?
A) infancy.
B) toddlerhood.
C) early childhood.
D) middle childhood.

20. This type of moral development goes beyond a concern for the self.
A) preconventional.
B) postconventional.
C) conventional.
D) moral.

Answers to Exercises

1. C
2. A
3. B
4. C
5. C
6. B
7. D
8. D
9. B
10. B
11. D
12. C
13. B
14. D
15. B
16. B
17. D
18. B
19. D
20. B


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Developmental Psychology Copyright © 2022 by Bill Pelz and Lumen Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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